Never miss an update

Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e

Item specifics

New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Brand: Revere Comfort Shoes
Color: Black Leather Style: 842125_1856430
Never miss an update

Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e -

    Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e
    Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e
    GIANNA MELIANI HI HEEL FRINGE W STONE GLADIATOR SANDALS US 9 MADE IN ITALYWomen's shoes sandals leather model LAIS Us size 3.5 to 12Men's/Women's Birkenstock Arizona Soft Footbed Suede Sandal Good world reputation Online export store Shopping promotion , Gentlemen/Ladies Hogan HXW2010I130OW0B999 Sandals Women's Black US flagship store Pleasant appearance Suitable for color , Sam Edelman Women's Ellery Heeled Sandal - Choose SZ/colorWomen's shoes sandals leather model AXEL Us size 3.5 to 12 , Men's/Women's Hogan HXW1330A2102FL030D Sandals Women's Black US Fine processing New style various kinds , Laura Bellariva 8092a Mustard Metallic Leather Studded Sandals 36.5 / US 6.5 , Women's shoes sandals leather model ALMAS Us size 3 to 12YOSHIE INABA L'EQUIPE Shiny Leather Strap Heels Size About US7(K-48212) , Charlotte Olympia Brown Rattan Leopard Print Sandals Size 39.5 9.5 New In BoxMen's/Women's Frances Valentine Women's Marie Slide Sandal Reliable quality New products in 2018 CharacteristicsIsabelle 190 Brown / Black Leather Slingback Platform Sandals 40 / US 40Tory Burch 40025 Alyssa 100MM Wedge Sandal BlackPRADA 3XZ189 Pink Suede Designer Sandals Platforms 8.5 M , Women's shoes Ballerinas leather model ARIEL Us size 3 to 12Women's shoes sandal leather model DARA Us size 3.5 to 12 , Celine White Leather Strappy Sandals (Size 35.5) , PRADA ROPE BRAIDED Multi-Colored Suede Designer Sandals Wedges 8.5 M , Etre 1015a Yellow / Cutouts / Pointy-Toe Leather Heel Pumps 36 / US 6Sac a main en cuir femme model ALIAS par HGilliane design , Y's Sum loop strap sandals Size 1(About US5.5)(K-50273)Women's shoes sandals leather model GLADIA Us size 3 to 12AUTHENTIC MIU MIU CORK SOLE PLATFORM SANDALS 37 1/2 ORANGE GRADE B USED -HPAlexander McQueen high heel sandals, rose gold, womens shoe size US 10.5 , Women's Sandals, Wholesale lot 36 Pairs sizes 5-10 / 6-11 black/white SB2601 , Women's shoes sandals leather model NOAH Us size 3 to 12HERMES Green Glossy Leather High Heels Strappy Sandals sz 37 7 ItalyGabor 81.721.17 Black Bootie Sandal Size US 7.5 ,
    Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e ->Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e -
    Salomon Women's Kaina Mid CS Waterproof 2 Snow Boot, Autobahn/Asphalt/Pale 6 M , New in Box Womens Frye Melissa Logo Tall Riding Boots Black US 6.5B MSRP $438 , Legero Tanaro, Womens Low-Top, Blue Oceano, 8.5 EU , Nike Womens Roshe Two Running Trainers 844931 Sneakers Shoes 003Skechers BOBS Womens Bobs Squad-Glam League Sneaker- Select SZ/Color. , 2018 Summer Leather Womens Slingbacks Roman Block Heels Summer Slippers Shoes wiWomens Leather Peep Open Toe Slip On Prom Party Shoes Platform Wedges Sandals Sz , Jimmy Choo Black Leather Strappy Slingback Kitten Heel Pumps. Size 36 , Kurt Geiger Sz 38/8 Black Cordelia Court Leather Lizard Print Low Stiletto HeelWomen's BROOKS REVENNA 5 Running Shoe - Size US 5Men/Women ADIDAS PROPHERE TRACE OLIVE CQ2127 wholesale cheapest Clearance saleNIKE AIR FORCE 1 '07 WB aa4061-200 flax/flax-gum-light brown Size 10 , Nike Air Jordan First Class Cool Grey/White AJ Mens Lifestyle All NEW , Nike Kobe XI 11 Elite Low FTB Fade To Black Mamba Black Gold SZ 11 (869459-001)VILEBREQUIN Turtle Print Slip On Shoe UK10 US11 EU44 , MARK NASON SKETCHERS Shoes Brown OXFORDS Leather Men's US 10.5 RETAIL $150Fashion Men Dress Leather Pointy Toe Shoes England Dress Formal Wedding Shoes 46 , NIKE Womens CK Racer Running Shoes 916792 001 Size 7 Retail $80 NIB , NEW UA UNDER ARMOUR CHARGED 24/7 LOW SUEDE SNEAKERS SHOES WOMENS Sz 11ASICS Women's Gel-Nimbus 19 Running Shoe Carbon/White/Flash Coral Style 9701NEW IN THE BOX ADIDAS GAZELLE WOMEN B41661 RAW GREEN FOR WOMEN , NIKE W Nike Zoom All Out Low 2 AJ0036-004 BLACK/DARK GREY-ANTHRACITE Size 9 , Mr/Ms Ana Lublin - CHRISTIN The color is very eye-catching Various types and styles Excellent stretchingMerrell Women's Pechora Boot Espresso 8 M US , Womens Pointy Toe OVer The Knee High Thigh Boot Stilettos Silver Nightclub Shoes , Sweet Fashion Casual Women Warm Fur Pompom Rinestone Snow Ankle Boots Flat ShoesCall It Spring Women's Rendahl Winter Boot, Black Synthetic, 7 B US , Gentlemen/Ladies Aerosoles Womens stockholder Boot- Pick SZ/Color. Every item described is available low cost British temperamentWomens Suede Side Zippers Cage Heels Rhinestone Winter Ankle Boots Shoes SzWomens Retro knee High Boots Real Leather block high heels winter shoes outdoor
    Will ETFs cause the next market crash?
    ETF Watch - Jun 29, 2017
    Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e -

    There’s no doubt that the last 2 years has seen the coming of age of ETFs. With what was once an unknown type of investment quickly becoming a $30b industry in Australia ($3 trillion globally). However, as ETFs have moved from the unknown to the flavour of the month, an increasing number of commentators have called on the risks ETF investors face, with some even stating that ETFs will be the source of the next market crash. Today we take a look at some of the claims as to why some believe there are so many risks associated with ETFs.

    Claim 1: ETFS are blindly pushing up stock prices

    Many have written about share markets being at record highs. In an interview with the AFR, Wilson Asset Management chief Geoff Wilson discussed his portfolios’ current high weightings to cash due to concerns of market over-valuations. 

    US based fund manager FPA capital called ETFs “Weapons of Mass Destruction”and stated “The flood of money into passive products is making stock prices move in lockstep and creating markets increasingly divorced from underlying fundamentals”. The argument they make is as ETFs blindly invest in stocks in their chosen index and ignore the underlying fundamentals of these companies. This causes these companies prices to be bid up to prices that do not support their fundamentals (ie a bubble), and eventually history repeats, the bubble bursts and markets crash.

    What do we think?

    ETFs account for around 10% of US stocks’ market value and less than 1% in Australia. In the US at least this is not an immaterial amount. However, the active managers whom ETFs have taken business from generally have mandates which force them to invest a certain percentage in the market. As a result, active managers have always been investing in expensive markets and pushing up prices. Additionally, what is currently called by many analysis as expensive equity markets could also be attributed to global record low interest rates rather than an uptick in passive investing. In saying that, since the last major market crash (the 2008 GFC), the proportion of total assets in ETFs are considerably higher and continual growth of passive investing must be considered as a possible cause of markets becoming expensive.

    Recently we’ve seen Vaneck reweight their huge Junior Gold Miner’s ETF as they approached 20% limits in some of their smaller holdings. This meant selling out of these small gold miners which saw large falls in some of these shares (some of which was blamed on hedge funds looking to capitalise on the opportunity). This is a great example of the influence that ETFs can have, albeit this is at the small end of the market.

    Claim 2: ETFs will sell on mass and compound market falls

    One of the known weaknesses of a managed fund structure is the ability for investors to fairly easily redeem their funds, meaning at times of market falls, when a fund manager may find the best investment opportunities, the investors in the fund are panicking and redeeming their investments, meaning the fund manager becomes a forced seller rather than a buyer. This was one of the reasons Forager decided to turn their Australian Share Fund (FOR) into a Listed Investment Trust, where the pool of capital for them to invest was guaranteed.

    The one thing stopping simple redemption of managed funds during market crashes is another one of its weaknesses, which is managed funds are not simple to trade, and require the investor to apply to the fund to redeem units. This can involve filling out paper forms, and an apathetic investor may simply not be bothered.

    What do we think?

    One of the greatest advantages of ETFs is also one of its weaknesses when it comes to the above, with ETFs able to be traded on the ASX, a panicked investor simply has to log into their online brokerage account and hit the sell button. If a buyer does not exist on the other side of the trade, the ETF issuer is forced to then sell the underlying holdings which could very well begin a contagion effect.

    However, we come back to the size of the ETF market, at around 1% of the Australian market and 10% of the US market. Investors selling underlying stocks that they own through their broker will have the exact same impact as the reasonably small proportion of ETFs. We believe the actual impact of this event would be not materially higher than what currently exists.

    Claim 3: ETFS with low liquidity will be hard to sell if markets fall

    Peter Switzer recently spoke about a client who had received advice that an ETF with low liquidity would be difficult to sell if markets fall. The argument being that without a liquid market the seller would be unable to find a buyer on the other side of the trade and would need to sell at a significant discount.

    What do we think?

    One of the somewhat unknown components of ETFs is the role of the market maker. Essentially the market maker’s role is to provide liquidity to an ETF, so that if there is not an existing ETF unit on the other side of an ETF trade, the market maker must create an ETF unit for a buyer, or absorb an ETF unit for a seller. It is then the ETF issuer's role to buy or sell the underlying assets that the ETF holds. This means that regardless of an ETF’s liquidity, a market maker will always exist to buy an ETF off an investor even if the markets in free fall.

    However, there is a caveat to the above. Market makers make a profit by charging a spread between the buy price and the sell price of an ETF. The spread becomes the market maker’s profit margin. In a free falling market it may be difficult for the market maker to price the underlying investments forcing them to create a huge spread between the buy and sell price to protect their margins. This was seen in the 2015 Dow Jones ‘Flash Crash’, where some ETFs dropped 30% when the market makers were unable to price the underlying securities.

    Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e -

    Finally, an ETF is only ever as liquid as its underlying holdings. ETFs which invest in illiquid investments may have great liquidity, but if the underlying investments do not, this will likely be reflected in falls in both the underlying holdings and the ETF during market falls. This may be more likely to play out at the small cap end of the sharemarket and within unlisted asset classes.

    Claim 4: ‘Exotic’ ETFs are higher risk

    In a recent RBA publication, economist Michelle Cunningham discussed the risks faced with some of the more exotic ETFs, those that are classed as ‘synthetic’ ETFs, meaning the ETF issuer does not hold the underlying investments, rather they rely on a counterparty to pay the return. These ETFs are generally referred to as ‘Synthetic’ or ‘Hedge fund’ in their title. Cunningham raised the risk that the counterparty may default on their obligation, so an additional level of risk exists for the investor.

    What do we think?

    We agree with Cunningham’s analysis, an additional level of risk certainly exists with these ETF structures, however in many cases this is the only way to access to investment strategy that the ETF provides. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of the additional risks that exist.


    There’s plenty of arguments in both camps about ETFs role in future market crashes. There’s no doubt the world has moved into uncharted territory with the rise of passive investing & ETFs in particular. We do believe, however, that some of the risks are overblow. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of these risks in order to make informed investing decisions. What do you think?


    Previous Article

    2017 Financial Year ETF and LIC Performance Table

    Next Article

    New Fixed Interest ETFs expand options for investors

    Leave a Reply
    Find a Fund
    Revere Strappy Women's Toledo Strappy Slingback 29987 Sandal Black Slingback Leather Strappy eb5390e