Never miss an update

Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b

Item specifics

New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Brand: Salomon
Material: Synthetic Style: Winter Boots
Occasion: Winter US Shoe Size (Women's): US 7.5
Modified Item: No Model: X Ultra
EUR Shoe Size (Women's): 39 1/3 Width: Medium (B, M)
Features: Insulated, Waterproof, Lace-Up Color: Brown
Toe Type: Round Toe
Never miss an update

Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b -

    Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b
    Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b
    Born B.O.C Austin Wide-Calf Riding Boots Dark Brown 9.5M Org Retail 155.00Women's L.K. Bennett Luella Shoes Black Tan Leather Knee High Boots Size 36 NEW!Man's/Woman's Made in Italia - DORA Quality queen cheapest Simple , Alegria Water Resist Ankle Boots Meri Pewter Dazzler EU36(US5.5-6) NEW A283293 , Marc Fisher Medium Calf Tall Shaft Leather Boots Damsel Burgundy 7M NEW A281482 , Vintage 1950'S DAVEGA WOMENS Brown Equestrian Riding Boots WELL MADE SZ 8 16" T , Hunter Blue Rubber Rain Knee High Boots Women's Shoes Size 11 M , Gentleman/Lady Ariat Highland Women Riding Boot 8.5 Various goods Stylish and fun Elegant and solemnWOMENS TECNICA MOON BOOT NYLON WATER PROOF RAIN WINTER SNOW SKI SKINGELAINE TURNER Claire Antique Cognac Leather Platform Boots Sz 6 $475 NEWRocket Dog Women's Thunder Rival Pu/Hanger Cotton Ankle BootieFRYE Moto Shootie Women's Size 8 Fawn Vintage Leather Ankle Booties FB-163Man/Woman Liberty Black Boots 6 Wear resistant auction The first batch of customers' comprehensive specifications , 7" Black Velvet Platform Fetish Stripper Heels Thigh High Boots Pleaser Adore , NEW THE NORTH FACE SHELLISTA II WATERPROOF BOOT GRAY WOMENS SZ 7.5 , STEVEN by Steve Madden Womens Rimas Suede Closed Toe Ankle Fashion Boots , Clarks Collection Women's Plaza Pilot Riding Boots , Ladies Tony Lama Snake Skin Western Cowgirl Boots Size : 8.5 M , STEVE MADDEN TSTUDIO BOOTIE BLACK LEATHER SIZE 8.5Propet Women's Dayna Ankle Bootie, Tan, 8.5 M USJessica Simpson Women's Calvey Ankle Bootie - Choose SZ/ColorTORY BURCH Black suede leather heeled boots size 7.5 MDR. MARTENS AIMILIE BLACK COMBAT BOOT GREY LEOPARD FOLD DOWN USA SIZE 8 , Sam Edelman Serephina Burgundy Leather Hidden Heel, Tall Boots Size 6.5 MSol Sana Women's Hazel Heel Pump, Tan, 40 M EU (10 US) , HARLEY-DAVIDSON® Women's Size 9 M Heights Black Leather Mid-Calf Boots ShoesMan's/Woman's Arcopedico L19 use Excellent performance Exquisite workmanshipBLONDO Eden Stretch Suede Waterproof Over The Knee Riding Boots Size 6.5MSTEVE MADDEN TSTUDIO BOOTIE WINE LEATHER SIZE 8.5 ,
    Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b ->Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b -
    NEW MENS ASICS NOOSA FF 2 RUNNING / TRAINING SHOES - ALL SIZES , XOXO Taliyah Over The Knee Dress Boots, Sand, 6 US / 36.5 EUGola Harrier, Women S Low-Top Sneakers, Yellow Yellow White , 7 EUMade in Italia Shoes Women Ballet flats Yellow 89393 BDT TRENDYMezlan womens open Back leather shoe brown (Size: 5.5 M) "flats"NEW Nike MercurialX Finale II IC Men’s Indoor Soccer Cleats 831974-589 Size 10.5Lion Of Judah PopArt Design High top Men's Canvas Sneakers White ShoesRalph Lauren Mens Brown Fur Lined Leather Indoor Outdoor Slippers Shoes NWT 11New Nike Fastflex BSBL Soccer Football Men Shoes Cleats Sz 8.5 Vapor Red SportsJohn Varvatos U.S.A. Men's Ankle Casual Sneaker Shoes,Navy Blue,11M,0088Nike Reax 9 TR Cross Training Mens Black/DGrey/White 807184-002 Sz 8 11 , Nike Air Jordan IV 4 Columbia White Legend blue 2015 10US 9% Legit , Dunham Men DAD11BR Matthew CHUKKA WATERPROOF THINSULATE HIKING BOOT SZ 10.5 2 E , GEOX MAN DESIGNED BY PATRICK COX LEATHER BOOTS U ESSEX U34R4G 43=10 US $299 , Sperry Top-Sider Men's Dockyard Chukka Boots Brown Leather Size 7 M , Wolverine RENTON EPX™ PC DRY WATERPROOF COMPOSITE-TOE 6" WORK BOOTRocket Dog Women's Chow Chow Sneaker Grey Summer Jersey Cotton Sneakers , Nike Air Max Thea Premium Leather Shoes 904500-004 Size 8.5 MSRP $120 , NEW ADIDAS WOMEN'S PUREBOOST X SHOES BY8928 BLACK/WHITE SZ 9 , Julien David White Fabric Cartoon Print SneakerMen/Women Keen Women's Newport H2 Sandal Poseidon/Capri Quality queen Excellent performance Clearance sale , Vince Women's Kess Sneaker - Choose SZ/ColorSam Edelman Women's Paige Boot, Phantom Grey, 5M , Women Silver Steel Pole Dance Boots Over Knee High Show Car Model Stiletto HeelLigjt Grey Valenki Tall Boots With Gzhel Design Made In Russia , VANELi Womens Xlan Pointed Toe Ankle Fashion Boots Black suede Size 8.0 , New Balance Women's Fresh Foam 2000v1 Winter Boot White SZ 10Sexy Women's High Heel Stilettos Over Knee Thigh Boots Party Shoes Plus Size , Demonia STOMP-25 Women's Black Velvet-Elastic Bands Platform Wedge Mid-Calf BootAUTHENTIC STEVE MADDEN LONG BOOTS BLACK GOLD GRADE A USED -AT ,
    Will ETFs cause the next market crash?
    ETF Watch - Jun 29, 2017
    Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b -

    There’s no doubt that the last 2 years has seen the coming of age of ETFs. With what was once an unknown type of investment quickly becoming a $30b industry in Australia ($3 trillion globally). However, as ETFs have moved from the unknown to the flavour of the month, an increasing number of commentators have called on the risks ETF investors face, with some even stating that ETFs will be the source of the next market crash. Today we take a look at some of the claims as to why some believe there are so many risks associated with ETFs.

    Claim 1: ETFS are blindly pushing up stock prices

    Many have written about share markets being at record highs. In an interview with the AFR, Wilson Asset Management chief Geoff Wilson discussed his portfolios’ current high weightings to cash due to concerns of market over-valuations. 

    US based fund manager FPA capital called ETFs “Weapons of Mass Destruction”and stated “The flood of money into passive products is making stock prices move in lockstep and creating markets increasingly divorced from underlying fundamentals”. The argument they make is as ETFs blindly invest in stocks in their chosen index and ignore the underlying fundamentals of these companies. This causes these companies prices to be bid up to prices that do not support their fundamentals (ie a bubble), and eventually history repeats, the bubble bursts and markets crash.

    What do we think?

    ETFs account for around 10% of US stocks’ market value and less than 1% in Australia. In the US at least this is not an immaterial amount. However, the active managers whom ETFs have taken business from generally have mandates which force them to invest a certain percentage in the market. As a result, active managers have always been investing in expensive markets and pushing up prices. Additionally, what is currently called by many analysis as expensive equity markets could also be attributed to global record low interest rates rather than an uptick in passive investing. In saying that, since the last major market crash (the 2008 GFC), the proportion of total assets in ETFs are considerably higher and continual growth of passive investing must be considered as a possible cause of markets becoming expensive.

    Recently we’ve seen Vaneck reweight their huge Junior Gold Miner’s ETF as they approached 20% limits in some of their smaller holdings. This meant selling out of these small gold miners which saw large falls in some of these shares (some of which was blamed on hedge funds looking to capitalise on the opportunity). This is a great example of the influence that ETFs can have, albeit this is at the small end of the market.

    Claim 2: ETFs will sell on mass and compound market falls

    One of the known weaknesses of a managed fund structure is the ability for investors to fairly easily redeem their funds, meaning at times of market falls, when a fund manager may find the best investment opportunities, the investors in the fund are panicking and redeeming their investments, meaning the fund manager becomes a forced seller rather than a buyer. This was one of the reasons Forager decided to turn their Australian Share Fund (FOR) into a Listed Investment Trust, where the pool of capital for them to invest was guaranteed.

    The one thing stopping simple redemption of managed funds during market crashes is another one of its weaknesses, which is managed funds are not simple to trade, and require the investor to apply to the fund to redeem units. This can involve filling out paper forms, and an apathetic investor may simply not be bothered.

    What do we think?

    One of the greatest advantages of ETFs is also one of its weaknesses when it comes to the above, with ETFs able to be traded on the ASX, a panicked investor simply has to log into their online brokerage account and hit the sell button. If a buyer does not exist on the other side of the trade, the ETF issuer is forced to then sell the underlying holdings which could very well begin a contagion effect.

    However, we come back to the size of the ETF market, at around 1% of the Australian market and 10% of the US market. Investors selling underlying stocks that they own through their broker will have the exact same impact as the reasonably small proportion of ETFs. We believe the actual impact of this event would be not materially higher than what currently exists.

    Claim 3: ETFS with low liquidity will be hard to sell if markets fall

    Peter Switzer recently spoke about a client who had received advice that an ETF with low liquidity would be difficult to sell if markets fall. The argument being that without a liquid market the seller would be unable to find a buyer on the other side of the trade and would need to sell at a significant discount.

    What do we think?

    One of the somewhat unknown components of ETFs is the role of the market maker. Essentially the market maker’s role is to provide liquidity to an ETF, so that if there is not an existing ETF unit on the other side of an ETF trade, the market maker must create an ETF unit for a buyer, or absorb an ETF unit for a seller. It is then the ETF issuer's role to buy or sell the underlying assets that the ETF holds. This means that regardless of an ETF’s liquidity, a market maker will always exist to buy an ETF off an investor even if the markets in free fall.

    However, there is a caveat to the above. Market makers make a profit by charging a spread between the buy price and the sell price of an ETF. The spread becomes the market maker’s profit margin. In a free falling market it may be difficult for the market maker to price the underlying investments forcing them to create a huge spread between the buy and sell price to protect their margins. This was seen in the 2015 Dow Jones ‘Flash Crash’, where some ETFs dropped 30% when the market makers were unable to price the underlying securities.

    Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b -

    Finally, an ETF is only ever as liquid as its underlying holdings. ETFs which invest in illiquid investments may have great liquidity, but if the underlying investments do not, this will likely be reflected in falls in both the underlying holdings and the ETF during market falls. This may be more likely to play out at the small cap end of the sharemarket and within unlisted asset classes.

    Claim 4: ‘Exotic’ ETFs are higher risk

    In a recent RBA publication, economist Michelle Cunningham discussed the risks faced with some of the more exotic ETFs, those that are classed as ‘synthetic’ ETFs, meaning the ETF issuer does not hold the underlying investments, rather they rely on a counterparty to pay the return. These ETFs are generally referred to as ‘Synthetic’ or ‘Hedge fund’ in their title. Cunningham raised the risk that the counterparty may default on their obligation, so an additional level of risk exists for the investor.

    What do we think?

    We agree with Cunningham’s analysis, an additional level of risk certainly exists with these ETF structures, however in many cases this is the only way to access to investment strategy that the ETF provides. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of the additional risks that exist.


    There’s plenty of arguments in both camps about ETFs role in future market crashes. There’s no doubt the world has moved into uncharted territory with the rise of passive investing & ETFs in particular. We do believe, however, that some of the risks are overblow. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of these risks in order to make informed investing decisions. What do you think?


    Previous Article

    2017 Financial Year ETF and LIC Performance Table

    Next Article

    New Fixed Interest ETFs expand options for investors

    Leave a Reply
    Find a Fund
    Women’s Winter Hiker Boots Hiker Brown Style Salomon X Ultra Sz Sz 7.5 Brown 9b1961b