Never miss an update

Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d

Item specifics

New with tags: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item in the original packaging (such as the original box or bag) ... Read moreabout the condition
EAN: 3610940551516 Style: Boots
UPC: Does not apply Brand: Palladium
Never miss an update

Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d -

    Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d
    Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d
    Dikamar Administrator Thigh Wader / Mens Boots / Plain Rubber (FS1131)Cowboy Runway Mens Chelsea slip on Suede Ankle cheslea short Boot Roma Boots New , Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS BGY-M VAPR/METAL size 45 Outstanding features low cost Suitable for colorMens Clarks Smart Ankle Boots Batcombe LoMens Military Pointy Toe British Style Spike Rivet Mid Calf Chic Boots Shoes NEW , Amblers Steel FS115 Pull-On Dealer Boot / Mens Boots (FS156)Nockdown Steve Madden Shoes Ankle Boots Black Men New , Punk Gothic mens Combat Martin Fashion Mid-Calf rivet Riding Army shoes boots , Bugatti Mens Shoes Ankle Boots Chelsea Boots Brown 311 60930 3200 100 , New Mens Step on Air Eagle Black Slip on Elastic Ankle Boots Size 7Military Tactical Ankle Boots Camouflage Combat Army Hiking Climbing Shoes NewPezzol Tornado Hi 566 Mens Safety Boots (FS2250)Steel Toe Safety Work Boots Black Leather Trainers Hikers Anti-Static Boot , Hot Fashion Men's Military Punk Knight Size Buckle Zipper Motorcycle Size BootsCotswold Mens Abbeymead Leather Chelsea Boots (FS3183) , Men's Ankle Boots Japan genuine real Leather Black Slip On Zipper Loafer ShoesMens British Pointy Toe Low Block Heel Motorcycle ANkle Boots Punk Metal ChainMen Handmade Genuine Suede Leather Shoes Jodhpurs Ankle High Suede Leather Boots , Mens Flat High top Retro Motor Casual Vogue Mid Calf Boot Pull on shoes AU NEW X , Dunlop C462241 Purofort Full Safety Standard / Mens Boots / Safety (FS918)IDF Scout Commando canvas TAN Boots Made in Israel , Mens Fashion Faux Leather Zip Knee High Riding Military Long Boots Punk Shoes SZ , Men Waterproof Desert Chic Outdoot Army Military Tactical Boot Work Shoes Chz8MENS GRAFTERS TACTICAL COMBAT BOOTS SIZE SECURITY BLACK M668A KD , Grafters Mens Sniper 8 Combat Boots (DF658) , Mens Nicholas Deakins Stones2 Tan Leather ShoesMens Nicholas Deakins Stones 3 Tan Leather ShoesMr/Ms Darkwood Mens Hawthorn Hiking Boots (FS4922) Strong heat and wear resistance Modern and stylish fashion Very good classification , Mr/Ms Funtasma WALKER-130 Complete specification range International choice Very practical
    Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d ->Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d -
    Muck Boots Brown Women's Arctic Apres Supreme Boot w/ Fleece Lining - Size 7 , Fashion Knee High Leather Low Heel Round Toe Elastic Pull On Punk Women's Boots , NIB $400 Think VINNTA LILA COMBI Tall Boots Womens US 8 M , STELLA McCARTNEY $860 high wedge heel platform sole tan Leana ankle boots 40 NEWMens Handcrafted Genuine Leather Dress Boots Formal Leather Shoes Custom Made , Nike Womens Air Max 1 SE Running Trainers 881101 300 Sneakers ShoesSC35 Skylar Ankle Strap Flat Sandals, Mint, 9.5 US , MBT Women’s Black Peep-Toe Slip-On Flats Shoes Size US 11-11.5 KiangaWomens Leather Peep toe Ankle Strap Wedding Bridal Shoes Cut out Flower SandalsWomens cross strapp Sweet Lolita Girl Pump High Heels Bowknot cosplay sweet SizeBEAUTIFEEL victoria brown Leather patent Accent mary jane pumps heels Sz 38 7.5MA2 By Aerosoles In An Instint Women Boot Gray Size US Shoe Size 10.5 M100% authentic Moschino platform two tones heels, size 38Women's DOLCE VITA 228183 cheetah print pony hair flip flops sz. 5 , Nike Air Zoom Terra Kiger 4 Womens Trail Running Shoes Noise Aqua 880564 401MENS DC CURE SKATEBOARDING SHOES NIB WHITE WHITE (WW0) , Men's Nike Roshe Tiempo VI Quick Strike Athletic Fashion Sneakers 853535 447 , Mizuno Wave Sky 2 Men's Running Shoes J1GC180203 A 18U , Brand New 2012 Nike Air Jordan IV 4 Retro BRED black cement grey fire red 11.5 , Mr/Ms Nike Jordan’s 3 Retro Flyknit durability auction Modern and elegantRARE Nike Air Foamposite One 2009 "EGGPLANT" sz 9.5 Purple royal blue galaxy red , LOS ALTOS NATURAL GENUINE OSTRICH LEG SQUARE TOE WESTERN COWBOY BOOT EE 8210549New Fashion Men Summer Moccasins Loafers Driving Breathable British Slip On Shoe , Mens Grenson Bench Made True Moccains DaleyNEW - Merrell 1Six8 Moc Women's JAZZY Lightweight Slip on Shoe Sneaker , Gentleman/Lady Skechers Shoes – Microburst-Made-You-Look white/silver Elegant shape Online export store Direct business , Skechers Women's Go Run Ultra Road 2 Maximum Cushion Shoe 6.5 PinkMerrell Women's Encore Q2 Ice Fashion Sneaker, Andorra, 7 M US , Sporto® Natasha; Waterproof Suede and Leather Duck Boot, Black 9M , PRE-Owned Bearpaw Knit Tall Round Toe Canvas Winter Boot 10M ,
    Will ETFs cause the next market crash?
    ETF Watch - Jun 29, 2017
    Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d -

    There’s no doubt that the last 2 years has seen the coming of age of ETFs. With what was once an unknown type of investment quickly becoming a $30b industry in Australia ($3 trillion globally). However, as ETFs have moved from the unknown to the flavour of the month, an increasing number of commentators have called on the risks ETF investors face, with some even stating that ETFs will be the source of the next market crash. Today we take a look at some of the claims as to why some believe there are so many risks associated with ETFs.

    Claim 1: ETFS are blindly pushing up stock prices

    Many have written about share markets being at record highs. In an interview with the AFR, Wilson Asset Management chief Geoff Wilson discussed his portfolios’ current high weightings to cash due to concerns of market over-valuations. 

    US based fund manager FPA capital called ETFs “Weapons of Mass Destruction”and stated “The flood of money into passive products is making stock prices move in lockstep and creating markets increasingly divorced from underlying fundamentals”. The argument they make is as ETFs blindly invest in stocks in their chosen index and ignore the underlying fundamentals of these companies. This causes these companies prices to be bid up to prices that do not support their fundamentals (ie a bubble), and eventually history repeats, the bubble bursts and markets crash.

    What do we think?

    ETFs account for around 10% of US stocks’ market value and less than 1% in Australia. In the US at least this is not an immaterial amount. However, the active managers whom ETFs have taken business from generally have mandates which force them to invest a certain percentage in the market. As a result, active managers have always been investing in expensive markets and pushing up prices. Additionally, what is currently called by many analysis as expensive equity markets could also be attributed to global record low interest rates rather than an uptick in passive investing. In saying that, since the last major market crash (the 2008 GFC), the proportion of total assets in ETFs are considerably higher and continual growth of passive investing must be considered as a possible cause of markets becoming expensive.

    Recently we’ve seen Vaneck reweight their huge Junior Gold Miner’s ETF as they approached 20% limits in some of their smaller holdings. This meant selling out of these small gold miners which saw large falls in some of these shares (some of which was blamed on hedge funds looking to capitalise on the opportunity). This is a great example of the influence that ETFs can have, albeit this is at the small end of the market.

    Claim 2: ETFs will sell on mass and compound market falls

    One of the known weaknesses of a managed fund structure is the ability for investors to fairly easily redeem their funds, meaning at times of market falls, when a fund manager may find the best investment opportunities, the investors in the fund are panicking and redeeming their investments, meaning the fund manager becomes a forced seller rather than a buyer. This was one of the reasons Forager decided to turn their Australian Share Fund (FOR) into a Listed Investment Trust, where the pool of capital for them to invest was guaranteed.

    The one thing stopping simple redemption of managed funds during market crashes is another one of its weaknesses, which is managed funds are not simple to trade, and require the investor to apply to the fund to redeem units. This can involve filling out paper forms, and an apathetic investor may simply not be bothered.

    What do we think?

    One of the greatest advantages of ETFs is also one of its weaknesses when it comes to the above, with ETFs able to be traded on the ASX, a panicked investor simply has to log into their online brokerage account and hit the sell button. If a buyer does not exist on the other side of the trade, the ETF issuer is forced to then sell the underlying holdings which could very well begin a contagion effect.

    However, we come back to the size of the ETF market, at around 1% of the Australian market and 10% of the US market. Investors selling underlying stocks that they own through their broker will have the exact same impact as the reasonably small proportion of ETFs. We believe the actual impact of this event would be not materially higher than what currently exists.

    Claim 3: ETFS with low liquidity will be hard to sell if markets fall

    Peter Switzer recently spoke about a client who had received advice that an ETF with low liquidity would be difficult to sell if markets fall. The argument being that without a liquid market the seller would be unable to find a buyer on the other side of the trade and would need to sell at a significant discount.

    What do we think?

    One of the somewhat unknown components of ETFs is the role of the market maker. Essentially the market maker’s role is to provide liquidity to an ETF, so that if there is not an existing ETF unit on the other side of an ETF trade, the market maker must create an ETF unit for a buyer, or absorb an ETF unit for a seller. It is then the ETF issuer's role to buy or sell the underlying assets that the ETF holds. This means that regardless of an ETF’s liquidity, a market maker will always exist to buy an ETF off an investor even if the markets in free fall.

    However, there is a caveat to the above. Market makers make a profit by charging a spread between the buy price and the sell price of an ETF. The spread becomes the market maker’s profit margin. In a free falling market it may be difficult for the market maker to price the underlying investments forcing them to create a huge spread between the buy and sell price to protect their margins. This was seen in the 2015 Dow Jones ‘Flash Crash’, where some ETFs dropped 30% when the market makers were unable to price the underlying securities.

    Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d -

    Finally, an ETF is only ever as liquid as its underlying holdings. ETFs which invest in illiquid investments may have great liquidity, but if the underlying investments do not, this will likely be reflected in falls in both the underlying holdings and the ETF during market falls. This may be more likely to play out at the small cap end of the sharemarket and within unlisted asset classes.

    Claim 4: ‘Exotic’ ETFs are higher risk

    In a recent RBA publication, economist Michelle Cunningham discussed the risks faced with some of the more exotic ETFs, those that are classed as ‘synthetic’ ETFs, meaning the ETF issuer does not hold the underlying investments, rather they rely on a counterparty to pay the return. These ETFs are generally referred to as ‘Synthetic’ or ‘Hedge fund’ in their title. Cunningham raised the risk that the counterparty may default on their obligation, so an additional level of risk exists for the investor.

    What do we think?

    We agree with Cunningham’s analysis, an additional level of risk certainly exists with these ETF structures, however in many cases this is the only way to access to investment strategy that the ETF provides. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of the additional risks that exist.


    There’s plenty of arguments in both camps about ETFs role in future market crashes. There’s no doubt the world has moved into uncharted territory with the rise of passive investing & ETFs in particular. We do believe, however, that some of the risks are overblow. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of these risks in order to make informed investing decisions. What do you think?


    Previous Article

    2017 Financial Year ETF and LIC Performance Table

    Next Article

    New Fixed Interest ETFs expand options for investors

    Leave a Reply
    Find a Fund
    Gentlemen/Ladies PALABRUS First PALABRUS 41 BGY-M BLK METAL size 41 Great variety Quality First Outstanding style 271d03d