Never miss an update

Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d

Item specifics

New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Brand: Caterpillar
Width: Medium (B, M) Style: Tall Boots
Color: Brown Sugar US Shoe Size (Women's): 7.5
UPC: 044212665206
Never miss an update

Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d -

    Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d
    Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d
    Punk Women Shoes carving Block Heel Rivet Rivet Buckle Strap Leather Ankle Boot , Jessica Simpson Yasma Block-Heel Booties 721, Black, 8.5 US / 38.5 EUWomens Spring Hollow Out Knee High Boots Low Wedge Heel Bohemia Shoes Pull on , Women Pointy Toe High Block Heel Pull On Mid Culf Boot Shoe Real Leather Party , Womens Shoes Ankle Boots Geometric Side Zip Pointed Toe Embroidery Mid Heel Hot , Marc Fisher Peddle Perforated Peep Toe Boots 769, Dark Blue, 8 US , Vintage 1995 Nike ACG Tan Olive Trail Hiking Mid Boots Shoes US 6.5 Women's , Women Rhinestone Pointy Toe Stilettos High Heels Ankle Boots Sexy Party ShoesDemonia Torment-703 goth gothic cyber platform ankle boots matte black 6-11Winter Warm Womens Round Toe Snow Ankle Boots Real Mink Fur Trim Winter Shoes szNew Pajar Piper Snow Boots Waterproof, Insulated Dark Grey MSRP$175Durango Women's Music City Brown Leather Embossed Boat Shoe DRD0233 MSRP $109.00Easy Spirit Kandis Riding Boots, Black Multi, 6 US , Women Knee High Elastic Fabric Velvet Mid Heel Boots Printing Round Toe FormalNavy Blue Goth Hippie 70s Disco Halloween Costume Cosplay Superhero BootsWomen's Ariat Fat Baby Pink Mossy Oak Boots Style 10006854 NWBElegant Club Sequins Womens Pointed Toe Slim High Heel Pull On Ankle Boots Ths01Ethnic Style Womens Boots Floral Shoes Tassels Pull On Hidden Heel Round Toe NewLady Rebel by Durango Women's Ostrich Embossed Pull-On Western BootPleaser EVE-106 Ankle/Mid-Calf Boots Cream Faux Leather Victorian Stiletto HeelsWhite Mountain Topaz Fleece Lined Snow Boots, HazelNew Pajar CANADA Piper winter women's boots size US 6-6.5 , Women Real Suede Rivet Metal Punk Ankle Snow Boot Lamb Lined Outdoor Shoes Chic , Women Over Knee Boots Leather Pointed Toe Pom Pom Ball High Heels Zipper Shoes , Womens Stylish Sexy Denim Thigh Over Knee High Boots Shoes Stilettos Shoes T774 , Women Bohemian Wedge Heels Mid Calf Boots Tassel Bow Multi-colored Pull On ShoesNew Women Over the Knee Boots High Heel Denim Boots Zip Pointed Toe Jeans Shoes , Sam Edelman Wos Platform Booties VERINA US 8 M Brown Leather Chelsea Heels 1271 , Jeffrey Campbell Walton Cowboy Boots Metallic Silver sz 6.5 ,
    Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d ->Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d -
    Franco Sarto Women's Yamka Olive Suede Motorcycle Boot , OluKai boots nahuku short leather black 7.5 motorcycle harness moto ankle , Durango Women's Rebel Waterproof Composite Toe Western Work Boots - DRD0220Sigerson Morrison Women's Gladys Ankle Boot, Black Red, 6 Medium USNew sz 11 / 41 Stuart Weitzman Tan Leopard Top Print Knee High Flat Boot ShoesMen's/Women's Ecco ECCO Womens Flat- Pick SZ/Color. Reputation first Environmentally friendly Pick up at the boutique , ISABEL MARANT WOMEN'S SLIP ON SNEAKERS NEW BLACK 997Andrew Charles Womens Soft Ballerina Bordeaux GWEN$275 BCBG BCBGMAXAZRIA Womens MA-Perez Peep Toe Shoe, Roccia, US 10XOXO (CHARISMA OPEN TOE HEEL) WOMENS SIZE10 BRAND NEW!! , $199 Killah Shoes Green Leather Size US 9 IT 39 Ebay 7632 , Salvatore Ferragamo Brown Ostrich Leather Peep Toe Pumps US 8.5$1299 Dsquared Shoes Black Leather Size US 6 IT 36 Save 8377EUC Sigerson Morrison Red Flip Flop Sandals 8Reebok Work Women's Anomar RB454 Athletic Safety Shoe, Black/Pink, Size 7.5 XQOz , New Rockport Mens M7100 Black Size 11.5SUPRA Men's The Vaider Low Sneaker Shoes, Black/Red, Size 12 M USNike Zoom Hyperdunk Mens Boys Basketball Sneakers Shoes Black 7.5Nike Air Max 90 Ultra Superfly Tinker Hatfield HTM Tier 0 850613-001 , 854554-002 Jordan Men Jordan Future Boot Black Dark Grey , NEWROCK Mens 407-S1 Silver Cross Black Reactor Sole Leather Ankle Boots , GOOD CONDITION DR. MARTENS 1461Z DMC SIZE 9UK , SPERRY Top-Sider Leather Boat Shoes size 8.5 LEEWARD DK BRN/TAN/ORANGE Non Slipp , New Men Genuine Leather Wingtip Dress Brogues Fashion British Casual Retro ShoesLacoste Men's Casual Sneakers Novas CT 118 1 Spm Black Grey , Steve Madden Men's Caviarr1 Slip-On Loafer - Choose SZ/ColorNike Wmns Court Lite Hyper Violet Purple White Women Tennis Dad Shoes 845048-500Cole Haan ZeroGrand Wingtip Oxford Suede Navy Marine Blue C25294 Mens Sz 12Vasque Women's Constant Velocity II Trail Running Shoe Ebony Synthetic/Air Mesh , HEYRAUD Boots Cuir Verni et Cuir Taupe T 35 ETAT NEUF
    Will ETFs cause the next market crash?
    ETF Watch - Jun 29, 2017
    Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d -

    There’s no doubt that the last 2 years has seen the coming of age of ETFs. With what was once an unknown type of investment quickly becoming a $30b industry in Australia ($3 trillion globally). However, as ETFs have moved from the unknown to the flavour of the month, an increasing number of commentators have called on the risks ETF investors face, with some even stating that ETFs will be the source of the next market crash. Today we take a look at some of the claims as to why some believe there are so many risks associated with ETFs.

    Claim 1: ETFS are blindly pushing up stock prices

    Many have written about share markets being at record highs. In an interview with the AFR, Wilson Asset Management chief Geoff Wilson discussed his portfolios’ current high weightings to cash due to concerns of market over-valuations. 

    US based fund manager FPA capital called ETFs “Weapons of Mass Destruction”and stated “The flood of money into passive products is making stock prices move in lockstep and creating markets increasingly divorced from underlying fundamentals”. The argument they make is as ETFs blindly invest in stocks in their chosen index and ignore the underlying fundamentals of these companies. This causes these companies prices to be bid up to prices that do not support their fundamentals (ie a bubble), and eventually history repeats, the bubble bursts and markets crash.

    What do we think?

    ETFs account for around 10% of US stocks’ market value and less than 1% in Australia. In the US at least this is not an immaterial amount. However, the active managers whom ETFs have taken business from generally have mandates which force them to invest a certain percentage in the market. As a result, active managers have always been investing in expensive markets and pushing up prices. Additionally, what is currently called by many analysis as expensive equity markets could also be attributed to global record low interest rates rather than an uptick in passive investing. In saying that, since the last major market crash (the 2008 GFC), the proportion of total assets in ETFs are considerably higher and continual growth of passive investing must be considered as a possible cause of markets becoming expensive.

    Recently we’ve seen Vaneck reweight their huge Junior Gold Miner’s ETF as they approached 20% limits in some of their smaller holdings. This meant selling out of these small gold miners which saw large falls in some of these shares (some of which was blamed on hedge funds looking to capitalise on the opportunity). This is a great example of the influence that ETFs can have, albeit this is at the small end of the market.

    Claim 2: ETFs will sell on mass and compound market falls

    One of the known weaknesses of a managed fund structure is the ability for investors to fairly easily redeem their funds, meaning at times of market falls, when a fund manager may find the best investment opportunities, the investors in the fund are panicking and redeeming their investments, meaning the fund manager becomes a forced seller rather than a buyer. This was one of the reasons Forager decided to turn their Australian Share Fund (FOR) into a Listed Investment Trust, where the pool of capital for them to invest was guaranteed.

    The one thing stopping simple redemption of managed funds during market crashes is another one of its weaknesses, which is managed funds are not simple to trade, and require the investor to apply to the fund to redeem units. This can involve filling out paper forms, and an apathetic investor may simply not be bothered.

    What do we think?

    One of the greatest advantages of ETFs is also one of its weaknesses when it comes to the above, with ETFs able to be traded on the ASX, a panicked investor simply has to log into their online brokerage account and hit the sell button. If a buyer does not exist on the other side of the trade, the ETF issuer is forced to then sell the underlying holdings which could very well begin a contagion effect.

    However, we come back to the size of the ETF market, at around 1% of the Australian market and 10% of the US market. Investors selling underlying stocks that they own through their broker will have the exact same impact as the reasonably small proportion of ETFs. We believe the actual impact of this event would be not materially higher than what currently exists.

    Claim 3: ETFS with low liquidity will be hard to sell if markets fall

    Peter Switzer recently spoke about a client who had received advice that an ETF with low liquidity would be difficult to sell if markets fall. The argument being that without a liquid market the seller would be unable to find a buyer on the other side of the trade and would need to sell at a significant discount.

    What do we think?

    One of the somewhat unknown components of ETFs is the role of the market maker. Essentially the market maker’s role is to provide liquidity to an ETF, so that if there is not an existing ETF unit on the other side of an ETF trade, the market maker must create an ETF unit for a buyer, or absorb an ETF unit for a seller. It is then the ETF issuer's role to buy or sell the underlying assets that the ETF holds. This means that regardless of an ETF’s liquidity, a market maker will always exist to buy an ETF off an investor even if the markets in free fall.

    However, there is a caveat to the above. Market makers make a profit by charging a spread between the buy price and the sell price of an ETF. The spread becomes the market maker’s profit margin. In a free falling market it may be difficult for the market maker to price the underlying investments forcing them to create a huge spread between the buy and sell price to protect their margins. This was seen in the 2015 Dow Jones ‘Flash Crash’, where some ETFs dropped 30% when the market makers were unable to price the underlying securities.

    Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d -

    Finally, an ETF is only ever as liquid as its underlying holdings. ETFs which invest in illiquid investments may have great liquidity, but if the underlying investments do not, this will likely be reflected in falls in both the underlying holdings and the ETF during market falls. This may be more likely to play out at the small cap end of the sharemarket and within unlisted asset classes.

    Claim 4: ‘Exotic’ ETFs are higher risk

    In a recent RBA publication, economist Michelle Cunningham discussed the risks faced with some of the more exotic ETFs, those that are classed as ‘synthetic’ ETFs, meaning the ETF issuer does not hold the underlying investments, rather they rely on a counterparty to pay the return. These ETFs are generally referred to as ‘Synthetic’ or ‘Hedge fund’ in their title. Cunningham raised the risk that the counterparty may default on their obligation, so an additional level of risk exists for the investor.

    What do we think?

    We agree with Cunningham’s analysis, an additional level of risk certainly exists with these ETF structures, however in many cases this is the only way to access to investment strategy that the ETF provides. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of the additional risks that exist.


    There’s plenty of arguments in both camps about ETFs role in future market crashes. There’s no doubt the world has moved into uncharted territory with the rise of passive investing & ETFs in particular. We do believe, however, that some of the risks are overblow. Nevertheless, investors should be aware of these risks in order to make informed investing decisions. What do you think?


    Previous Article

    2017 Financial Year ETF and LIC Performance Table

    Next Article

    New Fixed Interest ETFs expand options for investors

    Leave a Reply
    Find a Fund
    Caterpillar Women's Florencia Waterproof Harness Size Women's Brown Sugar Boot Size Waterproof 7.5 88a222d